Federal spending for HBCUs is up: agencies from the CIA to the Veterans Administration increase grants, fellowships and gifts – historically black colleges and universities, Central Intelligence Agency - Higher Education
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Federal spending for HBCUs is up: agencies from the CIA to the Veterans Administration increase grants, fellowships and gifts – historically black colleges and universities, Central Intelligence Agency

by Ronald A. Taylor

Federal grant, training and recruiting spending directed at historically Black colleges and universities jumped by 21 percent in a two-year, period, according to government figures in a soon-to-be released report.

 

Led by sharp increases in research spending by the Central Intelligence Agency, in training grants by the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Commerce and in teaching endowments by the Department of Energy, federal agencies spent $1.24 billion in fiscal 1995, compared to $1.03 billion in fiscal 1992.

 

The figures were compiled for a report to be issued to President Clinton in September by officials of the White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities.

 

The numbers are a measure of the response of federal agencies to what has become a traditional presidential directive to increase federal support of HBCUs.

 

President Clinton’s Nov. 1, 1993 executive order renewing a directive first issued by President Jimmy Carter is sure to be claimed as a dramatic manifestation of the administration’s commitment to Black institutions.

 

Although he has not seen the initiative’s report yet, the rise in spending was applauded by Dr. Henry Ponder, president of the National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education (NAFEO).

 

“The Clinton administration has been a friend to HBCUs. More is needed but this is a strong start,” Ponder said. Much of the increase comes from spending by agencies with little historic contact with HBCUs.

 

One of the most dramatic manifestations of the increase in federal spending on HBCUs is in the Central Intelligence Agency’s contacts with Black schools.

 

CIA spending at HBCUs rose from $1.1 million in fiscal 1992 to $5.8 million in fiscal 1995. Much of that big jump was accounted for in an increase in donation of excess equipment to the colleges. The hardware included photocopiers, computers and office furniture.

 

In addition, the agency has let Black colleges and universities in on classified and unclassified research contracts. Prairie View A&M University (TX) was awarded $750,000 in contracts over the last two years for engineering projects for the CIA, according to government officials.

 

The agency also uses its summer fellows program as part of its drive to connect with HBCUs in a recruiting program for agency employees. Agency employees also serve in teaching posts on campuses.

 

The nearly tripling of the Department of Energy’s spending on HBCUs includes the endowment of nine engineering professor posts at Black colleges and universities with engineering departments at $1 million per school.

 

The DOE increase from $21 million in fiscal 1992 to $59 million in fiscal 1995 is part of the sharp increase in spending by the federal science and technology sector on Black campuses.

 

“What I have been most impressed by is that every agency has engaged in extensive outreach,” said Catherine LeBlanc, director of the White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities.

 

“The schools with engineering departments and science and tech departments have led the way in getting research dollars,” she said. She noted that federal agencies that have traditionally had little connection with HBCUs are now turning to them for work.

 

She noted, for instance, the National Aeronautical and Space, Administration has contracted with Alabama A&M University for research on controlling I bacteria” in drinking water on the spaceshuttle; Morehouse’s School of Medicine is working on a Health and Human Services contract studying low birth-weight children in low-income communities; and that Texas Southern University is engaged in an AIDS project aimed at education and infection prevention for health care professionals.

 

For agencies that, have longstanding links to HBCUs, spending has soared over the last two years, she said.

 

At the Department of Agriculture, federal spending on Blacks schools is approaching the $100 million mark, having reached $94 million at the end of fiscal 1995. Among the biggest increases has been the spending by the Department of Veterans Affairs, where the fiscal 1992 level of $2.7 million reached $13.7 million by the end of 1995.

 

Much of that increase reflects awareness of the impact of existing programs on HBCUs, said VA official Alice Bell. “We’re reporting more accurately than we have in the past about our contracts and programs with Black colleges and universities,” she said. She was referring to VA contracts for training and research work. “The big jump came in fiscal 1995 when they awarded $10 million to students for medical training at VA medical centers,” LeBlanc said.

 

The VA is currently training 3,100 students in its 172 medical centers, a 1,500 student increase over 1992 levels. Spending levels also reflect the overall budget decline, especially for agencies that are under fire by the Republican Congress. For example, spending declined at the two major natural resource conservation and pollution control agencies, the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of the Interior, for HBCUs between fiscal 1992 and 1995.

 

The drop at interior totaled nearly $5 million while EPA declined nearly $2 million. But the decline did not erode EPA spending in the hazardous waste research and control area. The agency has $600,000 contracts with Morehouse, Texas Southern, Tuskegee University, Florida A&M University, Xavier University and Meharry School of Medicine to research the health effects of hazardous waste and emergency response.

 

Annual Federal Performance Report

 

Comparison of Agency Awards to HBCUs

 

FY 1992 vs FY 1995, discretionary and legislated

Agency                                          HBCU Awards
 
                                                  FY 1992
 
 
 
Agency for International Development             17,957,400
 
U.S. Department of Agriculture                   82,048,103
 
Central Intelligence Agency                       1,173,496
 
U.S. Department of Commerce                       1,947,186
 
U.S. Department of Defense                       51,314,067
 
U.S. Department of Education                    651,502,302
 
U.S. Department of Energy                        21,630,155
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency             11,169,797
 
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission                   0
 
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services         111,865,754
 
U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Dev.              5,061,586
 
U.S. Information Agency                             399,064
 
U.S. Department of the Interior                   7,052,700
 
U.S. Department of Labor                          3,900,890
 
U.S. Department of Justice                        1,725,080
 
National Aeronautics & Space Administration      24,707,874
 
National Endowment for the Arts                     267,000
 
National Endowment for the Humanities             1,776,412
 
National Science Foundation                      22,764,093
 
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission                  200,000
 
U.S. Department of State                            564,648
 
U.S. Small Business Administration                2,139,263
 
U.S. Department of Transportation                 6,879,436
 
U.S. Department of Treasury                       1,465,913
 
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs               2,741,506
 
 
 
Agency                                          HBCU Awards
 
                                                  FY 1995
 
 
 
Agency for International Development             26,500,000
 
U.S. Department of Agriculture                   94,265,537
 
Central Intelligence Agency                       5,801,197
 
U.S. Department of Commerce                       8,472,629
 
U.S. Department of Defense                       76,123,634
 
U.S. Department of Education                    680,845,677
 
U.S. Department of Energy                        59,080,809
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency              8,128,096
 
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission               3,108
 
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services         150,886,433
 
U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Dev.              8,288,280
 
U.S. Information Agency                             983,991
 
U.S. Department of the Interior                   2,493,286
 
U.S. Department of Labor                          5,816,067
 
U.S. Department of Justice                          592,578
 
National Aeronautics & Space Administration      56,357,000
 
National Endowment for the Arts                      19,970
 
National Endowment for the Humanities             2,115,658
 
National Science Foundation                      34,250,099
 
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission                  200,000
 
U.S. Department of State                            772,770
 
U.S. Small Business Administration                2,183,551
 
U.S. Department of Transportation                 7,758,853
 
U.S. Department of Treasury                       2,004,895
 
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs              13,748,362
 
 
 
Agency                                                 % Change
 
                                                       (+) (-)
 
 
 
Agency for International Development                     48%
 
U.S. Department of Agriculture                           15%
 
Central Intelligence Agency                             394%
 
U.S. Department of Commerce                             335%
 
U.S. Department of Defense                               48%
 
U.S. Department of Education                              5%
 
U.S. Department of Energy                               173%
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency                    -27%
 
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
 
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services                  35%
 
U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Dev.                     64%
 
U.S. Information Agency                                 174%
 
U.S. Department of the Interior                         -65%
 
U.S. Department of Labor                                 49%
 
U.S. Department of Justice                              -66%
 
National Aeronautics & Space Administration             128%
 
National Endowment for the Arts                         -93%
 
National Endowment for the Humanities                    19%
 
National Science Foundation                              50%
 
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission                        0%
 
U.S. Department of State                                 37%
 
U.S. Small Business Administration                        2%
 
U.S. Department of Transportation                        13%
 
U.S. Department of Treasury                              37%
 
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs                     401%
 

 COPYRIGHT 1996 Cox, Matthews & Associates



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